Dhaka, July 14, 2019: Hussain Muhammad Ershad, Jatiya party chairman, Ex-president of peoples’ republic of Bangladesh breathed his last today at 7:45 am at CMH. He was 89. He was the opposition leader of the present parliament of Bangladesh.
Ershad was born in Dinhata (a subdivision of Coochbehar district of present-day West Bengal) in the-then British India in 1930 to Mokbul Hossain and Mazida Khatun. Mokbul served as a minister of the-then Maharaja of Cooch Behar. Ershad is one of 9 siblings including GM Quader and Mozammel Hossain Lalu. His parents migrated from Dinhata to East Pakistan in 1948 after the India-Pakistan partition.
Ershad studied in Carmichael College in Rangpur. He later graduated from the University of Dhaka in 1950 and was commissioned into the Pakistan Army in 1952 from Officers Training School in Kohat. He was an adjutant in the East Bengal regimental depot in Chittagong. He completed advanced courses from the Command and Staff College in Quetta in 1966. After serving with a brigade in Sialkot, he was given command of the 3rd East Bengal Regiment in 1969 and the 7th East Bengal Regiment in 1971.
He seized power as head of the army during a bloodless coup against President Abdus Sattar in 24 April 1982 (by imposing martial law and suspending the Constitution). He declared himself President in 1983, and subsequently won the controversial 1986 Bangladeshi presidential election. Despite claims to have legitimately won the 1986 election, many consider his regime as an era of military dictatorship. Ershad served in the Presidential office until 1990, when he was forced to resign following a popular pro-democracy mass uprising led by Khaleda Zia and Sheikh Hasina. Ershad founded the Jatiya Party in 1986 and became a Member of Parliament for that party in the constituency of Rangpur-3 in 1991, with successful re-election in all subsequent general elections.